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GRE Vocabulary Tip: Learn Word Groups

February 18, 2014 by

Photo Credit: Andrew Cheal Photography via Compfight cc

Grouping together helps!
Photo Credit: Andrew Cheal Photography via Compfight cc

The GRE tests your vocabulary in various ways. To correctly answer Sentence Equivalence and Text Completion questions, you should know something about all of the words in the answer choices. Many of you ask, “How can I increase my GRE vocabulary before Test Day?”

The Kaplan answer to that is simple: 

Think like a thesaurus, not like a dictionary.

Knowing detailed definitions for 100 words is not as useful as knowing approximate synonyms for 200-300. Kaplan offers an inexpensive app for learning vocabulary. Kaplan’s Verbal Workbook has a chapter devoted to vocabulary, and in it are several pages of word groups. For example, grouped under “Difficult to Understand” are 14 related words, including abstrusecryptic, and enigmatic. If you learn this group you will recognize any of these words on Test Day.

There are different ways to practice learning word groups. I prefer a “reverse flash card” method, and I especially recommend it to my students who are not native English speakers.

  1. First, read the word group.
  2. Then, write the heading on one side of a card.
  3. Then, on the back of the card, write ONLY THE WORDS YOU RECOGNIZE from the list. As you learn the definitions of other words, add them to the card as well.

As an example, looking at words that mean “Antagonize” on in the Verbal Workbook, you would write Antagonize on the front of the card, then on the back write the words you recognize from this list:

ANTAGONIZE: To annoy or provoke to anger

CLASH
CONFLICT
INCITE
IRRITATE
OPPOSE
PESTER
PROVOKE
VEX

If you don’t know a word, look it up. Once you are comfortable with it, add it to your flash card. In the end you have a stack of cards with word groups you know, so you can flip through them at any time to reinforce vocabulary you have already built.

If you try this method and it works for you, please leave a comment below to let us know!

 

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